Amunhotep II (Part 1): The Early Years 1459 to 1440 BCE. Amunhotep II enjoyed a privileged upbringing. He rode chariots, competed in sports activities, and even trained horses. When he ascended to power, he continued many of these habits. From the battle-field to the sports-field, Amunhotep II immediately set out to carve a distinct niche [...]

Thutmose III (Part 10): The End of Days. 1450 to 1441 BCE. Thutmose enjoyed the last nine years of his rule with a spate of activity. He commanded a final expedition; oversaw construction work at many sites; brought his tomb to completion; and made arrangements for the succession. Finally, the day came when Thutmose would face [...]

The Religious Year (4/12). The month of Khoiak (Ka hr Ka, "Ka upon Ka") was a time to celebrate Osiris, Hathor and the god Sokar. As the flood season ended, the Egyptians looked to close the chapter on their re-enactment of the Osiris myth. They ended the season with a divine marriage, a craftsmen's festival, and a [...]

Thutmose III (Part 9): Supremacy and Insecurity. 1455 to 1450 BCE. In his last decade, Thutmose III demonstrated a cruel streak, born of insecurity and anxiety over power. The King's insecurities centered on issues of legitimacy (his own) and security (for his son). What stimulated these? What else: the lingering question of Queen Hatshepsut and her [...]

Thutmose III (Part 8): The Final Campaigns. 1455 to 1450 BCE. After 20+ years of near-annual campaigning, Thutmose III finally came to the end of his life at war. We explore the last ten years of this process in one sweep... Direct Download (Save As mp3) Map of the episode's major sites (for larger view: [...]

The religious year (3/12) The third month was called "Hathor" ("Athyr"). It was a time for renewing fertility and creative energies in the natural world. Festivals to the male god of sexual energy, and the widow and sister of Osiris dominated this time... Direct Download (Save As mp3) Min Warning: images may have objectionable sexual aspects [...]

Thutmose III (Part 7): Diplomacy & the Egyptian Empire. 1460 - 1455 BCE. After the brilliant campaign of regnal year 33, Thutmose enjoyed a period of peace and plenty. Foreign powers began to seek relations with Egypt, and the power of the Pharaoh appeared supreme. This manifested in the appearance of three unusual princesses... Direct [...]

The Religious Year (2/12). In the month of Pa-Opet ("Phaophi") the Egyptians continued their long re-enactment of the myth of Osiris. They also celebrated a huge festival in honour of the Pharaoh. And they mummifed a bunch of rams, for some reason... Direct Download (Save As mp3) The processional way from Karnak (top, off-screen) to [...]

Thutmose III (Part 6): Personal Correspondence in Thebes. 148 - 1460 BCE. Letters are a rare and exciting find in Egyptian archaeology. Imagine our good fortune to possess an entire corpus from one individual: Ahmose, "Peniaty's man," a middle-class Egyptian living and working in the Egypt of Thutmose III.... Direct Download (Save As mp3) The letter of Ptahu [...]