Episode 76: 54 Years of Splendour

Thutmose III (Part X): The End of Days. From 1450 to 1441 BCE, Thutmose enjoyed the last nine years of his rule. He commanded a final expedition; oversaw construction work at many sites; brought his tomb to completion; and made arrangements for the succession. Finally, the day came when Thutmose would face his creator… Direct Download…

Episode 65: Hatshepsut of Millions of Years

Hatshepsut (Part V): Monuments and the Jubilee.   From 1485-1477, regnal years 10-17 of Hatshepsut, the Kingdom of Egypt is in a flurry of building work. Monuments are going up all over Egypt, requiring the work of thousands. These projects culminate in the year 16 sed-festival, Hatshepsut’s grand jubilee: an anniversary….but of what? Additional vocals provided…

Episode 57: All Things Good and Pure

The New Kingdom begins with the reign of Amunhotep I. From 1530 BCE to 1510, Thebes enjoys a resurgence in wealth and power. Tombs become more elaborate, the middle-class of artisans and craftsmen grows, and the King’s building program puts the city on the path to great splendour. But Amunhotep I is not the greatest king…

Episode 56b: Restoring Splendour

The End of the Second Intermediate Period The Hyksos are on the run, pursued by King Ahmose I and his warriors. Into the lands of Palestine they go, towards their final confrontation at Sharuhen. Meanwhile, Queen Mother Ah-hotep leads the Theban army against a rebellion, in order to crush sedition and assert her family’s dominance. Finally,…

Episode 49: From One Era to Another

Amenemhat IV: Dynasty 12 Nears Its End The nine-year reign of Maacheru-Re Amenemhat IV are unremarkable, but Egypt is entering into a fascinating period of international visibility. Foreigners from Canaan are moving into the country in larger and larger numbers, and will eventually cause enormous disruptions in the political world. We explore their origins and their culture……

Episode 47: Strong Ruler(s)

Senuseret III (Part V): Bean Counters, Surveyors and Gossips From 1865-45 BCE Egypt is quiet. Senuseret III comes to the end of his reign in either regnal year 19, or regnal year 35(ish). The throne soon passes to his son, but things get a bit…complicated first. We meet Heqa-nakht, a rural landlord who left us with…

Episode 46: Crushing Our Enemies

Senuseret III (Part IV): Fortifying Our Borders, Destroying Our Foes 1864 BCE, regnal year 16 of Kha-kau-Re Senuseret III. The king launches another campaign into Nubia, which sees the border set at the southern community of Semna. He commissions new fortresses at Uronarti, and improves upon those at Mirgassa and Askut, which fill important functions in their region. Plunder, trade, captives…

Episode 43: Dominion Over All

Senuseret III (Part II): Society and Death. The power of King Kha-kau-Re Senuseret III is absolute and the wealthy elite are responding accordingly. Abandoning the recent trend of building tombs in their hometowns, many officials are once again placing their tombs in the royal cemeteries, particularly at al-Lahun near the Faiyum Oasis. The king leads a short war southward,…

Episode 39: The Wealth of Asia

Nubkaure Amenemhat II (Part II): Wealth and Splendour Egypt is prospering around the year 1927-1910 BCE. In the early years of his reign – contemporaneous with his building projects (episode 38) – the king begins launching expeditions to lands outside Egypt. Trade missions to and from the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine) bring wealth and exotic goods…

Episode 37: Imperial Projects

Senuseret I (Part IV): the Gold of Nubia Gold! The driver of empires and warfare since time immemorial. For the Egyptians, gold is a valuable decorative resource, used to embellish temples, statues and crowns. For Kheper-ka-Re Senuseret I, this is a much needed commodity if he is to successfully complete his many building projects (Episode 36). Senuseret’s…

Episode 30: Smooth Sailing on the Red Sea

Sankh-ka-Re Montuhotep III: Peace, Wealth and Trade The reign of Sankh-ka-Re Montuhotep III is a peaceful one, thanks to the efforts of Montuhotep II to pacify the kingdom and its neighbours. In his eighth year on the throne, the king decides to dispatch a great expedition to the legendary region of Punt. Led by the…

Episode 29: The War God

Montuhotep II (Part III): The Nubian War With his rule secured, and Egypt united under his authority, Montuhotep II is once again ready for war. Egyptian troops advance into Nubia, Palestine and the Eastern Deserts, pushing their king’s agenda abroad. These wars bring plunder and captives back to Egypt, stimulating the economy which still feels…