Episode 65b: Two Texts of Hatshepsut

Interlude: Hatshepsut’s Writings. A short break from the narrative history, as we dive deep into the texts of Hatshepsut’s Punt Expedition, and the historical narrative from her temple in Middle Egypt, the Speos Artemidos. Direct Download (Save As mp3) Punt (Naville) Punt (Naville) The great ships (Naville). The trees of Punt (Naville) Soldiers in Punt…

Episode 63: Hatshepsut’s Excellent Adventure

Save As mp3 Hatshepsut (Part III): The Punt Expedition In 1488-1487 BCE, Egypt’s reigning Queen-King Maat-ka-Re Hatshepsut launches her most famous project. Returning to the glory days of previous kings, she funds an expedition south, down the Red Sea coast, to the wonderful land of Punt. We journey to Punt, meet the locals, and see how it all…

Episode 49: From One Era to Another

Amenemhat IV: Dynasty 12 Nears Its End The nine-year reign of Maacheru-Re Amenemhat IV are unremarkable, but Egypt is entering into a fascinating period of international visibility. Foreigners from Canaan are moving into the country in larger and larger numbers, and will eventually cause enormous disruptions in the political world. We explore their origins and their culture……

Episode 47: Strong Ruler(s)

Senuseret III (Part V): Bean Counters, Surveyors and Gossips From 1865-45 BCE Egypt is quiet. Senuseret III comes to the end of his reign in either regnal year 19, or regnal year 35(ish). The throne soon passes to his son, but things get a bit…complicated first. We meet Heqa-nakht, a rural landlord who left us with…

Episode 46: Crushing Our Enemies

Senuseret III (Part IV): Fortifying Our Borders, Destroying Our Foes 1864 BCE, regnal year 16 of Kha-kau-Re Senuseret III. The king launches another campaign into Nubia, which sees the border set at the southern community of Semna. He commissions new fortresses at Uronarti, and improves upon those at Mirgassa and Askut, which fill important functions in their region. Plunder, trade, captives…

Episode 43: Dominion Over All

Senuseret III (Part II): Society and Death. The power of King Kha-kau-Re Senuseret III is absolute and the wealthy elite are responding accordingly. Abandoning the recent trend of building tombs in their hometowns, many officials are once again placing their tombs in the royal cemeteries, particularly at al-Lahun near the Faiyum Oasis. The king leads a short war southward,…

Episode 39: The Wealth of Asia

Nub-Kau-Re Amenemhat II (Part 2). From 1927 – 1910 BCE, Nub-Kau-Re Amenemhat II launches expeditions to lands outside Egypt. Trade missions to and from the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine) bring wealth and exotic goods into Egypt. Treasures even come from southern Turkey and the Aegean Sea, finding their way into the temples being built or renovated by the king….

Episode 38: Burial Rites

Nubkaure Amenmhat II (Part I). Life is good in Egypt around 1927 BCE. Nub-kau-Re Amenmhat II is blessed with peace and a long reign, and he is capable to boot. The king’s pyramid complex at Dahshur is the source of an incredibly rare find: the intact burials of Princess Ita and Queen Khnum-et. Their gorgeous jewelry is among…

Episode 37: Imperial Projects

Senuseret I (Part IV): Nubian Gold. Senuseret I is in need of funding. With so many monuments under construction, he needs resources, and fast. The king sends out his warriors, to obtain gold from many different sources… Direct Download (Save As mp3) Lower and Upper Nubia, showing the Wadi Halfa and Second Cataract (2) Elephantine/Aswan (Source: Wikipedia)….

Episode 31: Seven Empty Years

The Forgotten Years of Montuhotep IV. The Turin Canon (King-List) records the seven years of Montuhotep IV as “a period in which no king reigned.” And no images or official documents survive from his reign. Why? We explore the reasons for Montuhotep’s removal from history, including a journey out into the Wadi Hammamat once again, then…