Amunhotep III (Part 2). In his first year of power (1400 - 1399 BCE), Amunhotep III began a whole string of  projects. Guided by his mother Mutemwia, the new king commissioned new monuments, quarrying efforts, and even undertook a great hunt. Twelve months of intense activity: all things considered, the reign began quite well... Direct Download [...]

Amunhotep III (Part 1). Neb-ma'at-Re Amunhotep came to power in 1400 BCE. At the age of just 12, he had already spent years being groomed for power. Even his birth was the subject of elaborate myths. In this episode, we explore the divine conception and the upbringing of a god on earth... Direct Download (Save [...]

(Interlude). Queen Mother Tiaa was a mighty lady indeed. Before coming to power as mother of Thutmose IV, Tiaa lived a comfortable life in the palace of the royal harem. This institution remains mysterious, but we know a little bit about it... Direct Download (Save As mp3) The main centres of this episode   From the [...]

Thutmose IV (Part 2). From 1418 to 1400 BCE, Men-kheperu-Re Thutmose IV ruled Egypt with capable mind and mighty arms. His reign saw some fascinating events pop up, including new mining expeditions in the Sinai (led by his wife, of all people) and a campaign against bedouin down in the gold country of Nubia. Along [...]

Amunhotep II (Part 5) The pharaoh Amunhotep II (c.1430 BCE) has a reputation for cronyism. He promoted friends and confidants to positions of influence and power, seemingly on the basis of familiarity rather than merit. This contrasts sharply with his father, making Amunhotep appear to be a shift in the politics of the time. What [...]

The Book of the Hidden Chamber (Amduat) In the mid-18th Dynasty (c.1430 BCE), pharaohs were decorating their tombs with a beautiful and intricate set of religious images. These texts/scenes comprised the Amduat ("That Which is in the Underworld"), and they told the story of Re's journey through the night-time hours. In twelve chapters, Re travelled [...]

The Architect Kha and his Book of Going Forth by Day In the days of Amunhotep II (c.1420 BCE), a royal architect named Kha commissioned a funerary text for his tomb. This text was a magnificent rendition of the Book of the Dead. To celebrate Kha's work, and the survival of his tomb, we take [...]

Amunhotep II (Part 4): Worshiping the Sphinx Before he became King, Amunhotep II made a promise to revitalize worship at the Giza necropolis. Once Pharaoh, he fulfilled that promise in spectacular fashion... Direct Download (Save As mp3) The Sphinx Temple of Amunhotep II (GizaPyramids.org) The Sphinx Temple of Amunhotep II, with limestone gateway and the [...]

Amunhotep II (Part 3): the Origins of the Exodus. 1435 BCE was a landmark year. Leading two campaigns, in regnal years seven and nine, Amunhotep II institutes a new policy of depopulating rebellious regions in Canaan, Lebanon and Syria. He strips whole communities of their families, and brings thousands back to Egypt as captives. These [...]