Amunhotep II (Part 3): the Origins of the Exodus. 1435 BCE was a landmark year. Leading two campaigns, in regnal years seven and nine, Amunhotep II institutes a new policy of depopulating rebellious regions in Canaan, Lebanon and Syria. He strips whole communities of their families, and brings thousands back to Egypt as captives. These [...]

ANNOUNCEMENT: the History of Egypt Podcast presents "Syrian Tales," a 3-part miniseries recounting stories from Bronze Age Syria (c.2400 to 1500 BCE). These episodes are available only by donation (here), and will release on July 01st (EST). When you donate, 100% of your donation will go to the International Rescue Committee fund for aiding victims [...]

The Month of Cats and Snakes (The Religious Year 5/12). The fifth month, Ta-Abet ("the banquet offering") was a month for worshiping snakes and cats above all. In particular, the Egyptians celebrated the gods Nehebkau, Bastet, Mut and Wadjet. We meet three of these strange deities, and see why, for the Egyptians, cats and snakes went hand-in-hand [...]

Amunhotep II (Part 1): The Early Years 1459 to 1440 BCE. Amunhotep II enjoyed a privileged upbringing. He rode chariots, competed in sports activities, and even trained horses. When he ascended to power, he continued many of these habits. From the battle-field to the sports-field, Amunhotep II immediately set out to carve a distinct niche [...]

Thutmose III (Part 10): The End of Days. 1450 to 1441 BCE. Thutmose enjoyed the last nine years of his rule with a spate of activity. He commanded a final expedition; oversaw construction work at many sites; brought his tomb to completion; and made arrangements for the succession. Finally, the day came when Thutmose would face [...]

The Religious Year (4/12). The month of Khoiak (Ka hr Ka, "Ka upon Ka") was a time to celebrate Osiris, Hathor and the god Sokar. As the flood season ended, the Egyptians looked to close the chapter on their re-enactment of the Osiris myth. They ended the season with a divine marriage, a craftsmen's festival, and a [...]

Thutmose III (Part 9): Supremacy and Insecurity. 1455 to 1450 BCE. In his last decade, Thutmose III demonstrated a cruel streak, born of insecurity and anxiety over power. The King's insecurities centered on issues of legitimacy (his own) and security (for his son). What stimulated these? What else: the lingering question of Queen Hatshepsut and her [...]

The religious year (3/12) The third month was called "Hathor" ("Athyr"). It was a time for renewing fertility and creative energies in the natural world. Festivals to the male god of sexual energy, and the widow and sister of Osiris dominated this time... Direct Download (Save As mp3) Min Warning: images may have objectionable sexual aspects [...]

Thutmose III (Part 7): Diplomacy & the Egyptian Empire. 1460 - 1455 BCE. After the brilliant campaign of regnal year 33, Thutmose enjoyed a period of peace and plenty. Foreign powers began to seek relations with Egypt, and the power of the Pharaoh appeared supreme. This manifested in the appearance of three unusual princesses... Direct [...]