Defining the Horizons (Episode 114b)

Amarna (Part 2): Akhenaten’s Priorities and Mindset


A short side episode, concerning Akhenaten’s mind-set around the time he moved to Amarna. Did the King always plan this city? Did he want to live here forever and never leave? And how did he think about the community he was developing? We explore these questions…

  • Date: c.1357 BCE (Regnal Year 6).
  • King: Akhenaten (Nefer-kheperu-Re Wa-en-Re).
  • Queen: Nefertiti (Nefer-neferu-Aten Neferet-Iti).
  • Locations: Thebes (Waset); Amarna (Akhet-Aten).

Music by Keith Zizza

114b. Square (1)


Listen Online or Download Direct (Save As mp3)

D18-Hermopolis-Akhenaten Boundary-Chris (25)
One of the Later Boundary Stelae of Akhet-Aten, located across the river near Tuna el-Gebal (Hermopolis). Akhenaten and Nefertiti worship Aten, accompanied by two of their daughters. The bands of hieroglyphs below proclaim the King’s intentions to never build / expand Akhet-Aten beyond the horizons (Photo Chris Ward 2019).


Special Thanks to My Patrons!

114. Patrons

Select Bibliography

Aidan Dodson, Amarna Sunrise, 2014.

Marianne Eaton-Krauss, The Unknown Tutankhamun, 2016.

Marc Gabolde, Akhenaten a Toutankhamoun, 1998.

Barry Kemp, The City of Akhenaten and Nefertiti: Amarna and Its People, 2012.

Dimitri Laboury, Akhenaton les grand pharaons, 2010.

Phillipe Martinez, “Un monument préamarnien ignoré: Le Ramesséum,” Memnonia 15 (2004): 123-150.

Dominic Montserrat, Akhenaten: History, Fantasy and Ancient Egypt, 2005.

William J. Murnane, The Boundary Stelae of Akhenaten, 1993.

William J. Murnane, Texts From the Amarna Period in Egypt, 1995.

Donald B. Redford, Akhenaten: The Heretic King, 1984.





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