Passage to Mycenae.
In 1370 BCE an Egyptian embassy may have travelled to the lands of Greece. They visited the people called Tanaiu, aka the Mycenaeans, who were a rising power in their region. From their hilltop cities, the Mycenaeans expanded their power, built magnificent tombs and worshipped some ancient but familiar deities. Let’s visit!
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Mycenae as it looked about 100 years after Amunhotep III. The walls, large palace and cistern are later additions (THOAG)
Mycenae at its height, long after Amunhotep III.
The throne room of Pylos, a contemporary city, which may reflect how the palace/megaron of Mycenae appeared.
The Dendra Panoply, a set of Late Bronze Age Mycenaean armour.
A reconstruction of the Dendra armour as worn by Mycenaean warriors.
Gold drinking vessels found in Mycenaean graves (c.1550 BCE).
A bull’s head rhyton (drinking vessel) from Mycenae, c.1550 BCE).
A bronze sword, decorated in gold and silver (c.1550 BCE).
The Treasury of Atreus, a tholos tomb at Mycenae (History Hub)
Inside the Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae (History Hub)
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Eric H. Cline, “Amenhotep III and the Aegean: A Reassessment of Egypto-Aegean Relations in the 14th Century B.C.,” Orientalia 56 (1987).
Elizabeth French, Mycenae: Agamemnon’s Capital: the Site and its Setting, 2002.
Jorrit M. Kelder, “Royal Gift Exchange between Mycenae and Egypt: Olives as “Greeting Gifts” in the Late Bronze Age Eastern Mediterranean,” American Journal of Archaeology 113 (2009).
Christine Lilyquist, “On the Amenhotep III Inscribed Faience Fragments from Mycenae,” Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (1999).
David O’Connor and Eric H. Cline (eds.) Amenhotep III: Perspectives on His Reign, 1998.
Cynthia W. Shelmerdine, “Mycenaean Palatial Administration,” in Deger-Jalkotzy and Lemos (eds.) Ancient Greece: From the Mycenaean Palaces to the Age of Homer, 2006.
Lord William Taylour, The Mycenaeans, 1964.
Lord William Taylour and Elizabeth French, Well-Built Mycenae: the Helleno-British excavations within the Citadel at Mycenae, 1959-1969, 1981-2013.
Malcolm H. Wiener, “The Absolute Chronology of Late Helladic III A2 Revisited,” The Annual of the British School at Athens 98 (2003).