Episode 93: The River War

Amunhotep III (Part 4): The Nubian War.

In late 1397 BCE, Amunhotep III received word of a rebellion in Nubia. A local chieftain, Ikheny, had gathered warriors and risen up in revolt. The pharaoh, just seventeen years old, was eager for a chance to prove himself. He gathered his warriors, and invaded Nubia…

93. Nubia 1

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93. Map

The major locations of the war (Higher Resolution)

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Amunhotep III executing Nubian prisoners after the battle. Amun and Khonsu (left) and Ptah Ta-Tenen (right) watch. Between the King’s feet, a defeated Nubian (Ikheny?) lies helpless (Kozloff, 2012).

93. Nubia 2

Amunhotep III in portrait, wearing the Blue Crown, from Memphis (Metropolitan Museum of Art).

Bibliography

Charles Bonnet, “Upper Nubia from 3000 to 1000 BC,” in W.V. Davies (editor), Egypt and Africa: Nubia from Prehistory to Islam, 1991.

John C. Darnell and Colleen Manassa, Tutankhamun’s Armies: Battle and Conquest During Ancient Egypt’s Late Eighteenth Dynasty, 2007.

P.L. Shinnie, “Trade Routes of the Ancient Sudan 3,000 BC – AD 350,” in W.V. Davies (editor), Egypt and Africa: Nubia from Prehistory to Islam, 1991.

Aidan Dodson, Amarna Sunrise, 2012.

Arielle P. Kozloff, Amenhotep III: Egypt’s Radiant Pharaoh, 2012.

Stuart Tyson Smith, Wretched Kush: Ethnic Identities and Boundaries in Egypt’s Nubian Empire, 2003.

Anthony J. Spalinger, War in Ancient Egypt, 2005.

Lazlo Török, Between Two Worlds: The Frontier Region between Ancient Nubia and Egypt 3700 BC – 500 AD, 2008.