Episode 75: Thutmose Triumphant

Thutmose III (Part IX): Supremacy and Insecurity.

 

From 1455 to 1450 BCE, Thutmose III demonstrated a surprising shift in attitude; he became anxious and insecure.

The King’s insecurities centered on issues of legitimacy (his own) and security (for his son). What stimulated these? What else: the lingering question of Queen Hatshepsut and her unorthodox rule.

In a special-length episode, we explore (1) the King’s family life and personality; (2) the strange shift in domestic policies concerning Hatshepsut; and (3) the reasons for Thutmose’s concerns and insecurities.

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Votive statue of Thutmose III – the earliest known New Kingdom royal bronze statuette    (Metropolitan Museum of Art).

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Queen Meryt-Re (right) behind Thutmose

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Part of the Botanical Garden chamber at Karnak / Akh Menu (Wikimedia)

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Detail of the Botanical Garden (Herbology Manchester)

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The obelisks of Hatshepsut, re-purposed by Thutmose III (UCLA Digital Karnak)

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A later example of Thutmose III’s statuary, after his alterations to the royal portrait (Metropolitan Museum)

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The development of Thutmose’s portraiture (Dimitry Laboury, UCLA EE)

Bibliography

Eric H. Cline and David O’Connor (eds.), Thutmose III: A New Biography, 2006.

Sue D’Auria, “The Princess Batketamun,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 69 (1983) (JSTOR).

Vanessa Davies, “Hatshepsut’s Use of Thutmosis III in Her Program of Legitimation,” Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 41 (2004) (JSTOR).

Aidan Dodson and Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, 2004.

Aidan Dodson, “Crown Prince Djhutmose and the Royal Sons of the Eighteenth Dynasty,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 76 (199) (JSTOR).

Aidan Dodson, “Thutmosis III: Family Man,” The Ostracon: The Journal of the Egyptian Study Society 15, 2004.

Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, 1992.

Dimitri Laboury, “Portrait versus Ideal Image” – UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology (Website).

Dimitri Laboury, “Royal Portrait and Ideology: Evolution and Signification of the Statuary of Thutmose III,” Thutmose III: A New Biography, 2006 (Academia.edu).

H. E. Winlock, “Notes on the Reburial of Thutmosis I,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 15 (1929) (JSTOR).

Scott Woodward, “Geneaology of New Kingdom Pharaohs and Queens,” Archaeology 49 (1996) (JSTOR).

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