Thutmose III (Part 9): Supremacy and Insecurity.
1455 to 1450 BCE. In his last decade, Thutmose III demonstrated a cruel streak, born of insecurity and anxiety over power.
The King’s insecurities centered on issues of legitimacy (his own) and security (for his son). What stimulated these? What else: the lingering question of Queen Hatshepsut and her unorthodox rule.
In a special-length episode, we explore (1) the King’s family life and personality; (2) the strange shift in domestic policies concerning Hatshepsut; and (3) the reasons for Thutmose’s concerns and insecurities.
Direct Download (Save As mp3)
Votive statue of Thutmose III – the earliest known New Kingdom royal bronze statuette (Metropolitan Museum of Art).
Queen Meryt-Re (right) behind Thutmose
Part of the Botanical Garden chamber at Karnak / Akh Menu (Wikimedia)
Detail of the Botanical Garden (Herbology Manchester)
The obelisks of Hatshepsut, re-purposed by Thutmose III (UCLA Digital Karnak)
A later example of Thutmose III’s statuary, after his alterations to the royal portrait (Metropolitan Museum)
The development of Thutmose’s portraiture (Dimitry Laboury, UCLA EE)
Eric H. Cline and David O’Connor (eds.), Thutmose III: A New Biography, 2006.
Sue D’Auria, “The Princess Batketamun,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 69 (1983) (JSTOR).
Vanessa Davies, “Hatshepsut’s Use of Thutmosis III in Her Program of Legitimation,” Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 41 (2004) (JSTOR).
Aidan Dodson and Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, 2004.
Aidan Dodson, “Crown Prince Djhutmose and the Royal Sons of the Eighteenth Dynasty,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 76 (199) (JSTOR).
Aidan Dodson, “Thutmosis III: Family Man,” The Ostracon: The Journal of the Egyptian Study Society 15, 2004.
Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, 1992.
Dimitri Laboury, “Portrait versus Ideal Image” – UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology (Website).
Dimitri Laboury, “Royal Portrait and Ideology: Evolution and Signification of the Statuary of Thutmose III,” Thutmose III: A New Biography, 2006 (Academia.edu).
H. E. Winlock, “Notes on the Reburial of Thutmosis I,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 15 (1929) (JSTOR).
Scott Woodward, “Geneaology of New Kingdom Pharaohs and Queens,” Archaeology 49 (1996) (JSTOR).