Episode 69: North by Northwest

Foreigners and Trade in the time of Thutmose III.

We explore the world beyond the Egyptian Empire. Visiting the peoples of Crete (Keftiu), Cyprus (Alashiya) and Byblos (Kupna) we see what was happening beyond the realm of direct Egyptian rule. Oh, and there’s a goofy poem at the end.

This episode turned out a bit longer than expected! I recommend listening to it in multiple parts: different locations and events are separated by brief musical breaks.

15590040_10155755219470200_9162477281353794751_n

Direct Download (Save As mp3)

69-bull-leapers

The “bull leapers” of Peru-Nefer (auaris.at)

69-keftiu-in-tomb-rekhmire

Keftiu in the tomb of Rekh-mi-Re, at Thebes (Nina de Garis Davies)69-keftiu-in-tombs-2-hall-1902

Ceramics brought by the Keftiu (Hall, 1902)

69-keftiu-in-toombs-hall-1902

Keftiu in tombs (Hall, 1902)

69-minoan-crete

The major archaeological sites of Crete

69-minoan-jewellery-1

Crete: a deity or ruler demonstrates mastery over nature (AHE)

69-minoan-jewellery-3

A bee pendant from Crete, perhaps showing Egyptian artistic influence (AHE)

20160622_133935

Copper ingots, Herakleion Archaeological Museum (photo by D. Perry)

2008-wachsamann-syrian-cylinder-seal

A Syrian ship (Wachsmann, 2008)
mba-byblos-pectoral-of-king-ip-shemou-abi

Byblos: a pectoral of the Haty-a / Mayor, showing clear Egyptian influence. Horus wings and falcon heads dominate the form (Beirut Collection).

mba-byblos-fenestrated-axe

An axe-head from Byblos (Beirut Collection).

mba-byblos-egyptianized-god-baal-or-osiris

Byblos: a Canaanite deity (Ba’al?) whose posture and costume suggest Egyptian influence (Beirut Collection).

byblos-temple-of-obelisks

Byblos: the “Temple of the Obelisks” – built in a later era than our episode, this temple was dedicated to a New Kingdom war god, Reshep.

Bibliography

Donald B. Redford, The Wars in Syria and Palestine of Thutmose III, 2003.

Donald B. Redford, Egypt, Canaan and Israel in Ancient Times, 1992.

Yannis Galanakis, The Aegean World: A Guide to the Cycladic, Minoan and Mycenean Antiquities in the Ashmolean Museum, 2013.

Richard A. Gabriel, Thutmose III: A Military Biography, 2009.

Shelley Wachsmann, Seagoing Ships and Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant, 2008 (Google Books).

Eric H. Cline & David O’Connor, Thutmose III: A New Biography, 2006.

H.R. Hall, “Keftiu and the Peoples of the Sea,” 1902 (JSTOR).

J.B. Pritchard, “Syrians as Pictured in the Paintings of the Theban Tombs,” 1951 (JSTOR).

M.H. Wiener, “Neo-Palatial Knossos: Rule and Role,” 2007 (malcolmweiner.net – ignore Google Warning, false flag).

R. van Dijk, “Bull-Leaping in the Ancient Near East,” 2013 (Academia.edu).

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s