Episode 58: The Great Turnaround

Thutmose I and the Wars of Expansion

Thebes, 1519 BCE. Amunhotep I is dead; Queen Mother Ahhotep is dead. Power has shifted from one branch of the family to another, and a newcomer is on the throne.

Thutmose I secures his legitimacy by marrying a cousin and a sister of Amunhotep, then launches two campaigns of war. In Nubia and in Syria he subjugates, defeats and conquers, before encountering some unexpected new foes.

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A stone head, possibly of Thutmose I (Source: Wikipedia)

The Egyptian territories in Nubia. Under Thutmose I they extend to point (3), Dongola.

The extent of the Mitanni power in 1400 BCE (some 120 years after this episode). The conflict between the Mitanni and Thutmose took place somewhere near Aleppo.


Books and Articles

Anthony Spalinger, War in Ancient Egypt, 2005.

Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, 1994.

Aidan Dodson and Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, 2004 and 2010.

James Breasted, A History of Egypt, 1905, 1909 and 1964.

James Breasted, Records of Ancient Egypt, Volume II, 1906.