Personal and Political Crises in 1776 BCE Dynasty 12 ends with Egypt's first fully-fledged female King. Neferu-Sobek rules three years, ten months and twenty-four days, dying in 1776 BCE. With her death, a 205-year legacy comes to an end, and Egypt's ruling household is now held by a new family.  In a departure from our recent [...]

Amenemhat IV: Dynasty 12 Nears Its End The nine-year reign of Maacheru-Re Amenemhat IV are unremarkable, but Egypt is entering into a fascinating period of international visibility. Foreigners from Canaan are moving into the country in larger and larger numbers, and will eventually cause enormous disruptions in the political world. We explore their origins and their culture... [...]