Episode 48: End of an Era

Amenemhat III.

Ny-ma’at-Re Amenemhat III is the last all-powerful ruler of Dynasty 12. In his 46 years of rule (1845-1798 BCE) there are notable expeditions and settlements in the Sinai, monumental construction projects in Dahshur, Hawara and Biahmu. Wealth and power belong to the king. But all is not well within the kingdom…

Art and Monuments of Amenemhat III

Unless otherwise noted, all images are Wikimedia submissions

DintelAmenemhatIII-2_(45475761964) (1)
Cartouche of Amenemhat III (wikimedia). Edited for increased contrast. See original here.
The “Black Pyramid” of Amenemhat III at Dashur, Egypt. Photo by Mohamed Abdelzaher (via wikimedia).
Pedestals at Biahmu at the time of Lepsius’ expedition, attributed to colossal statues of Amenemhat III (wikimedia).
Pedestals at Biahmu today, attributed to colossal statues of Amenemhat III (wikimedia).
D12-A3 sphinx (5)b
A sphinx of Amenemhat III, later reused (and inscribed) with cartouches of Hyksos and Ramessid kings (Cairo Museum, photo Dominic Perry)



The Black Pyramid of Amenemhat III (wikimedia).



Pectoral of Mereret
A pectoral depicting Amenemhat III (Ny-ma’at-Re) smiting people of “all foreign lands,” beneath the wings of Nekhbet. Photo, wikimedia submission.
A scarab of Amenemhat III showing the king wrangling a hippopotamus (Met Museum).
Top of scarab of Amenemhat III showing the king wrangling a hippopotamus (Met Museum).

Serabit el-Khadim

All images wikimedia.

Note: excavated temple includes monuments of New Kingdom and later.



Inscriptions of Amenemhat III (Ny-ma’at-Re) before Hathor.




Classic “frontal Hathor head.”




Aidan Dodson and Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, 2010.

Wolfram Grajetzki, The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, 2006.

Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, 1994.

Gregory D. Mumford and Sarah Parcak, “Pharaonic Ventures into the South Sinai,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 89 (2003). JSTOR.

Alan B. Lloyd (editor), A Companion to Ancient Egypt, 2010. Google Books preview.

Kerry Muhlstein, “Levantine Thinking in Egypt,” Egypt, Canaan and Israel: History, Imperialism, Ideology and Literature, 2009. Google Books preview.

James P. Allen, “The Historical Inscription of Khnumhotep at Dahshur,” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 352 (2008). JSTOR.

R. Neil Hewison, The Fayoum: History and Guide, 2008. Google Books preview.

University College London wesbite: Satire of the TradesThe Labyrinth of Hawara.

Chris Kirby‘s Reconstruction of Biahmu. Youtube.

2 Comments Add yours

  1. Simin says:

    Hi Dominic,

    Late listener here and really enjoyed the show. I wanted to check out the pictures related to the episodes and noticed all the images for this episode is gone. Is it possible to have them back? Thank you!

    1. DominicPerry says:

      Hi Simm,
      Dang. Looks like they are gone for now, unfortunately. The website is due for an upgrade so hopefully I can replace the images in future.

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