Interlude: Celebrating the Divine
In a short break from our narrative history, we visit two types of Egyptian festivals: the raucous celebrations for Hathor, and the sombre re-enactment of the Osiris Passion Play.
From beer halls to temples to cemeteries, the episode explores Egyptian revelry. Hedonism and solemn rites get a look in, with a particular focus on humour and sexuality.
Enjoy your end-of-year celebrations, listeners!
Osiris, lord of the underworld. Slain by Seth, re-assembled and resurrected by Isis (Source: Wikipedia).
Hathor, with Menkaure of the Fourth Dynasty (Source: Wikipedia).
The Stela of Ikher-Nefret (Source: Wikipedia).
The cemetery field west of Abydos, in which the Passion of Osiris would be performed (Source: Wikipedia).
John C. Darnell, “The Opet Festival.” UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology.
LA Times interview with Prof. Betsy M. Bryan, Johns Hopkins University.
E.F. Morris, “Sacred and Obscene Laughter in the Contendings of Horus and Seth,” in Egyptian Stories, 2007.
Plutarch, Isis and Osiris (1st Century CE).
The Ikher-nefret Stela (12th Dynasty).
Additional Music: Vangelis – Alexander (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack).