Episode 31: Seven Empty Years

The Forgotten Years of Montuhotep IV.

The Turin Canon (King-List) records the seven years of Montuhotep IV as “a period in which no king reigned.” And no images or official documents survive from his reign.


We explore the reasons for Montuhotep’s removal from history, including a journey out into the Wadi Hammamat once again, then back to a country in the grips of civil strife.

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Dorothea Arnold, “Amenemhat I and the Early Twelfth Dynasty at Thebes,” Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal, 1991.

Wolfram Grajetzki, The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, 2006.

Nicolas Grimal, A History of Egypt, 1994.