Episode 28: The King in the North

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Montuhotep II (Part II): The Theban Court

Montuhotep II, ruler of a newly united Egypt, must bring the noble families into line, and centralize power in his own hands. He must curb the power of provincial officials, and handle a vastly expanded domain and population.

Preparations for a Nubian War continue, and the king improves the decorations in his temple at Deir el-Bahari. War preparations are overseen by the Vizier Dagi, and the royal bodyguard Horus-hotep.

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A colossal statue of the king from his Mortuary Temple at Deir el-Bahari (Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York).

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From the tomb of the Vizier Dagi: two sons(?) (Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art).

OiTY62OEleventh Dynasty Tombs in the cliff above Deir el-Bahari; in the left background can be seen the great Temple of Hatshepsut from Dynasty XVIII (Source: Winlock, 1915).

Bibliography

Herbert Winlock, “The Theban Necropolis in the Middle Kingdom,” American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures, 1915 (JSTOR).

Dorothea Arnold, “Amenemhat I and the Early Twelfth Dynasty at Thebes,” Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal, 1991.

Wolfram Grajetzki, The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, 2006.

Wolfram Grajetzki, Court Officials of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom, 2009.

Gay Robins, The Art of Ancient Egypt, 1997/2008.

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