Episode 23: Children of Pepy


 Pepy II (Part III): The End of the Old Kingdom

Egypt’s longest-lived ruler, Pepy II, is now reaching his twilight years, and Egypt is in trouble. A period of drought is sweeping the Near East, and Egypt’s prosperity is waning. A century after Unas recorded starving bedouin in his Valley Temple, the situation is now reaching a head.

An independent Nubian kingdom is reaching early maturity in the South, and this region now enters our narrative as a significant player.

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pepi II pyramid temple_640

The Pyramid of Pepy II, Saqqara (Source: Egyptphoto.ncf.ca).


Kerma, today (Source: inognidove.it).


Toby H. Wilkinson, The Egyptian World, 2007.

Fekri A. Hassan, “Droughts, Famine and the Collapse of the Old Kingdom: Re-reading Ipuwer,” in The Archaeology of Ancient Egypt – Essays in Honor of David B. O’Connor, 2007.

Juan Carlos Moreno García (editor), Ancient Egyptian Administration, 2013 (Sample Article).

The University of Chicago – Tell Edfu Project.

Saqqara.nl – The Pyramid of Pepy II.

Swiss Archaeological Mission, Sudan – Kerma.

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