Menkaure and the Third Giza Pyramid.
The furious work at Giza continues, as Khafre’s son Menkaure takes the throne. Opting for a smaller – but more exquisitely constructed – monument, the new king’s reign heralds the more moderate phase of pyramid construction.
The small size of this monument may reflect the strain being placed on the Egyptian economy, a system not particularly similar to our own. We investigate.
An alabaster head of Menkaure, discovered in his Valley Temple at Giza (Source: the Boston Museum of Fine Arts).
A restored statue of Menkaure, discovered in pieces at Giza (Source: the Boston Museum of Fine Arts).
Read about the restoration and modern conservation here.
The monument of Khafre, viewed from the mortuary temple adjoining its eastern face (Source: the author, 2013).
The pyramid of Menkaure viewed from the north-east.
Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, 1994 (Amazon).
Erik Hornung, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: the One and the Many, 1996 (Amazon).
Barry Kemp, Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilization, 2005 (Amazon).
Mark Lehner, The Complete Pyramids, 2008 (Amazon).
Gay Robins, The Art of Ancient Egypt, 2008 (Amazon).
John Romer, A History of Egypt: from the First Farmers to the Great Pyramid, 2013 (Amazon).
Robert Wenke, The Ancient Egyptian State, 2009 (Amazon).