Episode 7: He Appears Like Re

Khafre and the Second Giza Pyramid.

Around 2565 BCE, the great Khufu passes into legend; now the throne comes to a new generation. His son Djed-ef-Re takes power (for a short while), but the next truly notable ruler is Khafre (2560 – 2535 BCE). This ruler is notable for two things: the second Giza pyramid, and the amazing Sphinx…

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Khafre immortalized in solar theological imagery (Source: Wikipedia).


Khafre in granite, with the winged Horus protecting him (Source: Wikipedia).


An alabaster head of Khafre, discovered at Giza 1921 (Source: the Boston Museum of Fine Arts).


The burial chamber of Khafre at Giza.


The quarry north of Khafre’s pyramid, in which the limestone blocks are clearly visible in the early stages of preparation.


The solar barque of Khufu, housed in a museum south of his Great Pyramid (source: the author, 2013).



The cross-section of Khufu’s ship as it would have appeared in antiquity; note the tightly bound ropes lashing the beams together.


Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, 1994 (Amazon).

Erik Hornung, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: the One and the Many, 1996 (Amazon).

Mark Lehner, The Complete Pyramids, 2008 (Amazon).

Gay Robins, The Art of Ancient Egypt, 2008 (Amazon).

John Romer, A History of Egypt: from the First Farmers to the Great Pyramid, 2013 (Amazon).

Robert Wenke, The Ancient Egyptian State, 2009 (Amazon).