Episode 7: He Appears Like Re

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Khafre and the Second Giza Pyramid

The reign of Khufu comes to an end, and he is succeeded by his two sons: the short-lived Djedefre and the longer-lived Khafre (“He Appears like Re”). Khafre immortalizes himself in the second-largest pyramid ever constructed, and the legendary Sphinx.

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Khafre

Khafre immortalized in solar theological imagery (Source: Wikipedia).

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Khafre in granite, with the winged Horus protecting him (Source: Wikipedia).

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An alabaster head of Khafre, discovered at Giza 1921 (Source: the Boston Museum of Fine Arts).MGe9wEi

The burial chamber of Khafre at Giza (Source: the author, 2013).

ivinzTFThe first European explorer to reach the burial chamber, Giovanni Belzoni, left his mark on the Second of March, 1818 (Source: the author, 2013).

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The quarry north of Khafre’s pyramid, in which the limestone blocks are clearly visible in the early stages of preparation.

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The solar barque of Khufu, housed in a museum south of his Great Pyramid (source: the author, 2013).

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2HTFhuaThe cross-section of Khufu’s ship as it would have appeared in antiquity; note the tightly bound ropes lashing the beams together.

Bibliography

Mark Lehner, The Complete Pyramids, 2008.

Ian Shaw (editor), The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, 2004.

Gay Robins, The Art of Ancient Egypt, 2008.